Statehood: December 12, 1787, the 2nd state
Total Area: 33rd
among states, 119,290 sq km (46,058 sq mi)
Water Area: 3,209
sq km (1,239 sq mi)
Highest Point: Mount
Davis, 979 m (3,213 ft)
2010 census - 12,702,379
Population Density in 2010: 283.9
people per sq mi
Distribution in 2000:
76.8% Urban, 23.2% Rural
Gross State Product - $575.6
Personal income per Capita - $39,578 (2009)
Largest cities in 2010:
The nation's first circulating library,
the Library Company of Philadelphia, was founded in 1731 by
Benjamin Franklin and others.
a Philadelphia garment worker, Uriah S.
Stephens, helped found one of the first
major national labor unions, the Knights
February national attention is focused on
Punxsutawney, where according to lore the emergence of a groundhog from its
burrow predicts the number of weeks remaining
industrial achievements were in iron and steel. Its production of
iron was notable even in colonial times, and the charcoal furnaces
of the state spread into the Juniata and western regions during the
Hershey is considered the
Chocolate Capital of the United States.
The first commercial broadcast
station in the world was KDKA in Pittsburgh, which started daily
schedule broadcasting on November 2, 1920.
The first all-motion-picture
theater in the world was opened on Smithfield Street in Pittsburgh
on June 19, 1905, by John P. Harris and Harry Davis.
Pennsylvania is the first state
of the fifty United States to list their web site URL on a license
The Warner brothers began their
careers in western Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania's 51,000 farms are
the backbone of the state's economy. Pennsylvania is an important
food distribution center, supplying farm and food products to
markets from New England to the Mississippi River.
The earliest successful
experiment of Thomas A. Edison with electric lighting was made in
first U.S. zoo was built in Philadelphia in 1876.
In 1940, Pennsylvania opened the
first high-speed, multi-lane highway in the country, the
Pennsylvania Turnpike, which set the pattern for modern
super-highways throughout the nation.
Independence Hall and the Liberty
Bell belong today to the city of Philadelphia, which purchased the
property for $70,000 from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1816.